Modu­lar buil­dings fall into two cate­go­ries: per­ma­nent con­structi­ons – PMC (Per­ma­nent Modu­lar Con­structi­on) and tho­se that are tem­po­ra­ry and mova­ble – NPMC (Non-per­ma­nent Modu­lar Con­structi­on). An archi­tectu­ral design should be adap­ted to these cate­go­ries so to pre­ser­ve all advan­tages of modu­lar con­structi­ons, espe­ci­ally rapid con­structi­on and pro­ducti­on of buil­dings in pro­ducti­on halls using Off-site Construction.

Faca­des of modu­lar buil­dings can be made from any mate­ri­als avai­la­ble. But it is recom­men­ded to cho­o­se such mate­ri­als most sui­table for modu­lar buil­dings and for manu­factu­re at the pro­ducti­on site. If the faca­des are made at site of desti­nati­on, the ove­rall assem­bly time is exten­ded due to faca­de assem­bly. The type of faca­de cho­sen also has an impact on the demoun­ta­bi­li­ty of the buil­ding and its further usage.

Facade systems

The size of a modu­le affects its trans­por­ta­bi­li­ty – espe­ci­ally if it is over­si­zed. Legislati­on per­ta­i­ning to over­si­ze trans­port varies from coun­t­ry to coun­t­ry. It is, the­re­fo­re, recom­men­ded that the design be con­sul­ted with the manu­factu­rer with refe­ren­ce to the final pla­ce of desti­nati­on befo­re any manu­factu­ring be under­ta­ken. The­re is a corre­lati­on that applies – the big­ger the modu­le, the quic­ker the assem­bly and the more cost­ly the trans­port. The modu­les with a clea­ran­ce of up to 3,000mm can be trans­por­ted in a fol­ded sta­te and tho­se over 3,000mm as, so called, flat-packs (the flo­or, the cei­ling and the walls are put toge­ther in a pac­king which is assem­bled at the site of installati­on). Modu­les are pro­du­ci­ble with the exter­nal dimensi­ons of up to 12.0m x 4.0m x 4.0m.

During design, the side-by-side pla­ce­ment of modu­les should be pro­per­ly laid out and the feasi­bi­li­ty of modu­le joints must be ensu­red. It is necessa­ry to pro­vi­de for water dra­i­nage from the roof if no secon­da­ry roof with sepa­ra­te water dra­i­nage, as in the case of tra­di­ti­o­nal buil­dings, is inten­ded. A maxi­mum 0.6m over­hang of indi­vi­du­al modu­les is possi­ble without addi­ti­o­nal chan­ges to modu­le fra­me sta­tics. If a lar­ger over­hang is requi­red, the modu­le must be sho­red up or a spe­cial fra­me con­structi­on must be designed which influ­en­ces the pri­ce of the buil­ding and of the docu­men­tati­on as well.

KOMA MODU­LAR stan­dar­dly manu­factu­red modu­les stack up to 4 sto­reys high. The stac­ka­bi­li­ty is also influ­en­ced by the selec­ted modu­le model series. In the event that a mul­tiple-sto­rey buil­ding is requi­red, this must be con­sul­ted with the manu­factu­rer. It must be remem­be­red that an aty­pi­cal design influ­en­ces the deli­ve­ry time and pri­ce of the building.

When plan­ning lay­out, it is recom­men­ded to take the modu­lar fra­me assem­bly sys­tem into account. In each cor­ner of the fra­me, the­re is a column, which should be pro­per­ly incor­po­ra­ted into the lay­out. Inner par­ti­ti­on walls should be installed with the fra­mes or in the cen­t­re of a modu­le kee­ping in mind win­dow pla­ce­ments. A sani­ta­ry buil­ding ele­ment should be con­fi­ned to a sin­gle modu­le and, in the case of a mul­tiple-sto­rey buil­ding, the sani­ta­ry modu­les should be pla­ced one abo­ve the other.

It is typi­cal for modu­lar con­structi­ons that indi­vi­du­al modu­les are self-bea­ring, the­re­fo­re, it is not necessa­ry to use foun­dati­on pla­tes for the foun­dati­ons. Modu­lar buil­dings can be set up on a strip foun­dati­on or on foun­dati­on feet. And foun­dati­on screws may be used whe­re it is ena­bled by the natu­rally grown soil. Some modu­le model series requi­re an air gap under the lower deck to pre­vent con­densati­on due to humi­di­ty. In this case it is necessa­ry to ensu­re pro­per ven­ti­lati­on of such foun­dati­ons. In some cases the air gap is used as a sub­sti­tu­ti­on for a radon barrier.

Advantages of modular constructions

Line quality
We have implemented a system of controls on the production line.
Economic efficiency
Elimination of secondary expenditures (provisional lease, operation of other buildings).
Complete buildings are set up within only a few weeks.
Modulární objekt je možné později rozložit na jednotlivé moduly a ty použít pro potřeby jiného objektu.
Modulární výstavba umí reagovat na aktuální potřeby majitele a je možné jí rozšířit. Třeba o dvě nová patra.
Z výše uvedených vlastností vyplývá jedna neméně důležitá: modulární stavba je extrémně šetrná k životnímu prostředí. Životní prostor nezatěžuje dlouhodobě hlukem a prachem, který je charakteristický u standardní výstavby.
Pekarna kutzer erbendorf 02

Business buildings

Doing busi­ness in modu­lar buil­dings is com­ple­te­ly in line with current social requi­re­ments: quick, vari­a­ble con­structi­on with the possi­bi­li­ty of adap­tati­ons in the futu­re – all this whi­le ensu­ring the social respon­si­bi­li­ty of the com­pa­ny, who­se pur­po­se or even locati­on can alwa­ys be re-evaluated. 

Our modu­lar con­structi­on sys­tem unique in design.


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